Carpet Types & Manufacturers

Carpet Studio actively promote the best of British carpet manufacturing.

 

Please click a link below to view a small sample of our favourite collections and designs from the UK's leading manufacturers.

 

Adams Carpets collection    Axminster Carpets Collection

Brintons Carpets Collection    Cavalier Carpets Collection

Ulster Carpets Collection    Westex Carpets Collection

Woven

Woven carpet maybe in a tiny minority of today's production but still produces some of the finest carpets which are used for prestigious installations.

Axminster

The pile of the carpet is inserted into the backing as it is woven and cut to length creating U-shaped tufts to provide a velvety surface.  The process locks in the fibre to create a carpet of high durability and performance retention as well as a luxury feel.  The process allows for intricate designs and colours to be used although modern trends mean that the traditional patterned axminster has given way to current fashion trends for plain carpets.

Wilton

Wilton woven carpets are produced in a similar way to axminsters - the principal difference being that a continuous fibre is woven all the way through.  The carpet can be sheared to create a range of cut and loop textured effect.  The result is a high quality carpet and unrivelled durability.

Flat Weave

Manufactured in the same way as wilton carpet - a loop pile which allows the yarn to be woven across a wider area which creating a flatter, more textured effect.

 

Tufted

With advances in manufacturing technology, 95% of all carpet produced today is tufted.  It takes about an hour to make a roll of carpet that might take eight hours to weave.  To make tufted carpet, hundreds of yarn threaded needles are pushed through the primary backing fabric to form loops or tufts, which may be left as is or cut.  A heavy adhesive coating is applied to hold the tufts in place and a secondary backing is usually glued on for strength and stability.  A wide variety of styles and textures can then be created using various techniques.   

 

Loop Pile

Berber

Berber carpets look like are named after a handmade, bulky wool carpet by the Berber tribes of North Africa and Asia.  The loops are made from thick bulky yarns of wool, nylon, polypropylene or a blend of these fibres to provide a cushioned effect underfoot.  These carpets are available in an assortment of colours and may be flecked and can be either level or multilevel loop.

Level Loop

When all the loops are of the same height, a highly flexible and durable carpet is created which has a natural, casual appearance even when (commonly) it is made from synthetic fibres.  The tight loop texture tends to hide marks so it is a good blend between luxury and practicality.

Multi-level Loop

The loops vary to two or sometimes three loop heights to create informal, random textures which are veryforgiving for marks and stains and therefore very suitable for high traffic areas and busy family rooms.

 

Cut Pile

Frieze

Frieze (pronounced free say) carpets are similar to saxony, but the yarns are mor lightly twisted and should always be heat set.  They have a dense, low pile surface which creates a coarse, pebbly texture.  Frieze carpets are very durable and hide footprints, dust and dirt which makes them suitable for heavy traffic areas.

Saxony

Saxony textures and made of twisted yarns which should be heat set.  The tips remain very distinct rather than blending together, to form a a very elegant finish.  Saxony textures show footprints and vacuum  marks so are suitable for more occasional rooms in the home.  More textured variations improve the practicality of saxonies.

Twist

The popular twist carpet is the cut-pile standard.  The yarn is tightly twisted and often heatset to retian this feature and the result a versatile, textured finish that is ideal for plain colours.

Velvet

Velvet textures (sometimes called 'velour' or 'plush;) all have a level surface pile of approx 5mm to 10mm height, which is then sheared to give a smooth finish.  With very little twist in the yarn, the ends blend together which then further enhances the overall finish.  These carpets tend to 'shade' with heavy use.  Footprints show easily and the colour looks different from place to place because fibres lying in different directions relflect the light differently.  A luxury for occasional rooms.

 

Cut and Loop

When some of the pile is cut and other left as loop, a variety of surface textures and patterns can be created (in a variety of colours).  The multi-level surface is excellent for hiding footprints and stains so cut and loop is good for high traffic areas and general purpose rooms in the home.

Shag Pile

Shag pile has varied in popularity.  The pile is up to 50mm long and the texture is casual and loose but the surface flattens easily and lacks durability.

 

Bonded

Bonded carpets (sometimes called 'fibre bonded'  or 'fusion bonded') are created by firing fibres into an adhesive material - the fibres are not stretched into the backing in any way.  The technique is principally used for commercial carpet tiles.

 

All of the best manufacturers under one roof.               

 

Call our Glasgow South branch now on 0141 637 5585, Glasgow North branch on 0141 943 2083 or visit our showrooms for more information.